Positioning Content - Learn to Code HTML & CSS (2023)

Lesson 5

One of the best things about CSS is that it gives us the ability to position content and elements on a page in nearly any imaginable way, bringing structure to our designs and helping make content more digestible.

There are a few different types of positioning within CSS, and each has its own application. In this chapter we’re going to take a look at a few different use cases—creating reusable layouts and uniquely positioning one-off elements—and describe a few ways to go about each.

Positioning with Floats

One way to position elements on a page is with the float property. The float property is pretty versatile and can be used in a number of different ways.

Essentially, the float property allows us to take an element, remove it from the normal flow of a page, and position it to the left or right of its parent element. All other elements on the page will then flow around the floated element. An <img> element floated to the side of a few paragraphs of text, for example, will allow the paragraphs to wrap around the image as necessary.

When the float property is used on multiple elements at the same time, it provides the ability to create a layout by floating elements directly next to or opposite each other, as seen in multiple-column layouts.

The float property accepts a few values; the two most popular values are left and right, which allow elements to be floated to the left or right of their parent element.

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img { float: left;}

Floats in Practice

Let’s create a common page layout with a header at the top, two columns in the center, and a footer at the bottom. Ideally this page would be marked up using the <header>, <section>, <aside>, and <footer> elements as discussed in Lesson 2, “Getting to Know HTML.” Inside the <body> element, the HTML may look like this:

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<header>...</header><section>...</section><aside>...</aside><footer>...</footer>

Layout without Floats Demo

See the Pen Layout without Floats by Shay Howe (@shayhowe) on CodePen.

Here the <section> and <aside> elements, as block-level elements, will be stacked on top of one another by default. However, we want these elements to sit side by side. By floating the <section> to the left and the <aside> to the right, we can position them as two columns sitting opposite one another. Our CSS should look like this:

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section { float: left;}aside { float: right;}

For reference, when an element is floated, it will float all the way to the edge of its parent element. If there isn’t a parent element, the floated element will then float all the way to the edge of the page.

When we float an element, we take it out of the normal flow of the HTML document. This causes the width of that element to default to the width of the content within it. Sometimes, such as when we’re creating columns for a reusable layout, this behavior is not desired. It can be corrected by adding a fixed width property value to each column. Additionally, to prevent floated elements from touching one another, causing the content of one to sit directly next to the content of the other, we can use the margin property to create space between elements.

Here, we are extending the previous code block, adding a margin and width to each column to better shape our desired outcome.

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section { float: left; margin: 0 1.5%; width: 63%;}aside { float: right; margin: 0 1.5%; width: 30%;}

Layout with Floats Demo

See the Pen Layout with Floats by Shay Howe (@shayhowe) on CodePen.

Floats May Change an Element’s Display Value

When floating an element, it is also important to recognize that an element is removed from the normal flow of a page, and that may change an element’s default display value. The float property relies on an element having a display value of block, and may alter an element’s default display value if it is not already displayed as a block-level element.

For example, an element with a display value of inline, such as the <span> inline-level element, ignores any height or width property values. However, should that inline-level element be floated, its display value will be changed to block, and it may then accept height or width property values.

As we float elements we must keep an eye on how their display property values are affected.

With two columns we can float one column to the left and another to the right, but with more columns we must change our approach. Say, for example, we’d like to have a row of three columns between our <header> and <footer> elements. If we drop our <aside> element and use three <section> elements, our HTML might look like this:

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<header>...</header><section>...</section><section>...</section><section>...</section><footer>...</footer>

To position these three <section> elements in a three-column row, instead of floating one column to the left and one column to the right, we’ll float all three <section> elements to the left. We’ll also need to adjust the width of the <section> elements to account for the additional columns and to get them to sit one next to the other.

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section { float: left; margin: 0 1.5%; width: 30%;}

Here we have three columns, all with equal width and margin values and all floated to the left.

(Video) 34: How to Use CSS Position to Move Elements | Learn HTML & CSS | HTML Tutorial | mmtuts

Three-column Layout with Floats Demo

See the Pen Three-column Layout with Floats by Shay Howe (@shayhowe) on CodePen.

Clearing & Containing Floats

The float property was originally designed to allow content to wrap around images. An image could be floated, and all of the content surrounding that image could then naturally flow around it. Although this works great for images, the float property was never actually intended to be used for layout and positioning purposes, and thus it comes with a few pitfalls.

One of those pitfalls is that occasionally the proper styles will not render on an element that it is sitting next to or is a parent element of a floated element. When an element is floated, it is taken out of the normal flow of the page, and, as a result, the styles of elements around that floated element can be negatively impacted.

Often margin and padding property values aren’t interpreted correctly, causing them to blend into the floated element; other properties can be affected, too.

Another pitfall is that sometimes unwanted content begins to wrap around a floated element. Removing an element from the flow of the document allows all the elements around the floated element to wrap and consume any available space around the floated element, which is often undesired.

With our previous two-column example, after we floated the <section> and <aside> elements, and before we set a width property value on either of them, the content within the <footer> element would have wrapped in between the two floated elements above it, filling in any available space. Consequently, the <footer> element would have sat in the gutter between the <section> and <aside> elements, consuming the available space.

Layout without Cleared or Contained Floats Demo

See the Pen Layout without Cleared or Contained Floats by Shay Howe (@shayhowe) on CodePen.

To prevent content from wrapping around floated elements, we need to clear, or contain, those floats and return the page to its normal flow. We’ll proceed by looking at how to clear floats, and then we’ll take a look at how to contain floats.

Clearing Floats

Clearing floats is accomplished using the clear property, which accepts a few different values: the most commonly used values being left, right, and both.

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div { clear: left;}

The left value will clear left floats, while the right value will clear right floats. The both value, however, will clear both left and right floats and is often the most ideal value.

Going back to our previous example, if we use the clear property with the value of both on the <footer> element, we are able to clear the floats. It is important that this clear be applied to an element appearing after the floated elements, not before, to return the page to its normal flow.

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footer { clear: both;}

Layout with Cleared Floats Demo

See the Pen Layout with Cleared Floats by Shay Howe (@shayhowe) on CodePen.

Containing Floats

Rather than clearing floats, another option is to contain the floats. The outcomes of containing floats versus those of clearing them are nearly the same; however, containing floats does help to ensure that all of our styles will be rendered properly.

To contain floats, the floated elements must reside within a parent element. The parent element will act as a container, leaving the flow of the document completely normal outside of it. The CSS for that parent element, represented by the group class below, is shown here:

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.group:before,.group:after { content: ""; display: table;}.group:after { clear: both;}.group { clear: both; *zoom: 1;}

There’s quite a bit going on here, but essentially what the CSS is doing is clearing any floated elements within the element with the class of group and returning the flow of the document back to normal.

More specifically, the :before and :after pseudo-elements, as mentioned in the Lesson 4 exercise, are dynamically generated elements above and below the element with the class of group. Those elements do not include any content and are displayed as table-level elements, much like block-level elements. The dynamically generated element after the element with the class of group is clearing the floats within the element with the class of group, much like the clear from before. And lastly, the element with the class of group itself also clears any floats that may appear above it, in case a left or right float may exist. It also includes a little trickery to get older browsers to play nicely.

It is more code than the clear: both; declaration alone, but it can prove to be quite useful.

Looking at our two-column page layout from before, we could wrap the <section> and <aside> elements with a parent element. That parent element then needs to contain the floats within itself. The code would look like this:

HTML
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<header>...</header><div class="group"> <section>...</section> <aside>...</aside></div><footer>...</footer>
CSS
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.group:before,.group:after { content: ""; display: table;}.group:after { clear: both;}.group { clear: both; *zoom: 1;}section { float: left; margin: 0 1.5%; width: 63%;}aside { float: right; margin: 0 1.5%; width: 30%;}

Layout with Contained Floats Demo

See the Pen Layout with Contained Floats by Shay Howe (@shayhowe) on CodePen.

The technique shown here for containing elements is know as a “clearfix” and can often be found in other websites with the class name of clearfix or cf. We’ve chosen to use the class name of group, though, as it is representing a group of elements, and better expresses the content.

(Video) Learn CSS Position In 9 Minutes

As elements are floated, it is important to keep note of how they affect the flow of a page and to make sure the flow of a page is reset by either clearing or containing the floats as necessary. Failing to keep track of floats can cause quite a few headaches, especially as pages begin to have multiple rows of multiple columns.

In Practice

Let’s return to the Styles Conference website to try floating some content.

  1. First things first, before we begin floating any elements, let’s provide a way to contain those floats by adding the clearfix to our CSS. Within the main.css file, just below our grid styles, let’s add the clearfix under the class name group, just like before.

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    /* ======================================== Clearfix ========================================*/.group:before,.group:after { content: ""; display: table;}.group:after { clear: both;}.group { clear: both; *zoom: 1;}
  2. Now that we can contain floats, let’s float the primary <h1> within the <header> element to the left and allow all of the other content in the header to wrap to the right of it.

    To do this, let’s add a class of logo to the <h1> element. Then within our CSS, let’s add a new section of styles for the primary header. In this section we’ll select the <h1> element with the logo class and then float it to the left.

    HTML
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    <h1 class="logo"> <a href="index.html">Styles Conference</a></h1>
    CSS
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    /* ======================================== Primary header ========================================*/.logo { float: left;}
  3. While we’re at it, let’s add a little more detail to our logo. We’ll begin by placing a <br> element, or line break, between the word “Styles” and the word “Conference” to force the text of our logo to sit on two lines.

    Within the CSS, let’s add a border to the top of our logo and some vertical padding to give the logo breathing room.

    HTML
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    <h1 class="logo"> <a href="index.html">Styles <br> Conference</a></h1>
    CSS
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    .logo { border-top: 4px solid #648880; padding: 40px 0 22px 0; float: left;}
  4. Because we floated the <h1> element, we’ll want to contain that float. The closest parent element of the <h1> element is the <header> element, so we’ll want to add the class of group to the <header> element. Doing this applies the clearfix styles we set up earlier to the <header> element.

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    <header class="container group"> ...</header>
  5. The <header> element is taking shape, so let’s take a look at the <footer> element. Much like we did with the <header> element, we’ll float our copyright to the left within the <small> element and let all other elements wrap around it to the right.

    Unlike the <header> element, though, we’re not going to use a class directly on the floated element. This time we’re going to apply a class to the parent of the floated element and use a unique CSS selector to select the element and then float it.

    Let’s start by adding the class of primary-footer to the <footer> element. Because we know we’ll be floating an element within the <footer> element, we should also add the class of group while we’re at it.

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    <footer class="primary-footer container group"> ...</footer>
  6. Now that the class of primary-footer is on the <footer> element, we can use that class to prequalify the <small> element with CSS. We’ll want to select and float the <small> element to the left. Let’s not forget to create a new section within our main.css file for these primary footer styles.

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    /* ======================================== Primary footer ========================================*/.primary-footer small { float: left;}

    To review, here we are selecting the <small> element, which must reside within an element with the class attribute value of primary-footer, such as our <footer> element, for example.

  7. Lastly, let’s put some padding on the top and bottom of the <footer> element to help separate it a little more from the rest of the page. We can do this directly by using the primary-footer class with a class selector.

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    .primary-footer { padding-bottom: 44px; padding-top: 44px;}

With all of these changes to the <header> and <footer> elements, we have to be sure to make them on every page, not just the index.html page.

Positioning Content - Learn to Code HTML & CSS (1)

Positioning with Inline-Block

In addition to using floats, another way we can position content is by using the display property in conjunction with the inline-block value. The inline-block method, as we’ll discuss, is primarily helpful for laying out pages or for placing elements next to one another within a line.

Recall that the inline-block value for the display property will display elements within a line while allowing them to accept all box model properties, including height, width, padding, border, and margin. Using inline-block elements allows us to take full advantage of the box model without having to worry about clearing any floats.

Inline-Block in Practice

Let’s take a look at our three-column example from before. We’ll start by keeping our HTML just as it is:

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<header>...</header><section>...</section><section>...</section><section>...</section><footer>...</footer>

Now instead of floating our three <section> elements, we’ll change their display values to inline-block, leaving the margin and width properties from before alone. Our resulting CSS will look like this:

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section { display: inline-block; margin: 0 1.5%; width: 30%;}

Unfortunately, this code alone doesn’t quite do the trick, and the last <section> element is pushed to a new row. Remember, because inline-block elements are displayed on the same line as one another, they include a single space between them. When the size of each single space is added to the width and horizontal margin values of all the elements in the row, the total width becomes too great, pushing the last <section> element to a new row. In order to display all of the <section> elements on the same row, the white space between each <section> element must be removed.

Inline-Block Elements with White Space Demo

See the Pen Inline-Block Elements with White Space by Shay Howe (@shayhowe) on CodePen.

Removing Spaces Between Inline-Block Elements

There are a number of ways to remove the space between inline-block elements, and some are more complex than others. We are going to focus on two of the easiest ways, both of which happen inside HTML.

The first solution is to put each new <section> element’s opening tag on the same line as the previous <section> element’s closing tag. Rather than using a new line for each element, we’ll end and begin elements on the same line. Our HTML could look like this:

(Video) CSS Position Tutorial | Learn CSS For Beginners

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<header>...</header><section> ...</section><section> ...</section><section> ...</section><footer>...</footer>

Writing inline-block elements this way ensures that the space between inline-block elements within HTML doesn’t exist; consequently, the space will not appear when the page is rendered.

Inline-Block Elements without White Space Demo

See the Pen Inline-Block Elements without White Space by Shay Howe (@shayhowe) on CodePen.

Another way to remove the white space between inline-block elements is to open an HTML comment directly after an inline-block element’s closing tag. Then, close the HTML com- ment immediately before the next inline-block element’s opening tag. Doing this allows inline-block elements to begin and end on separate lines of HTML and “comments out” any potential spaces between the elements. The resulting code would look like this:

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<header>...</header><section> ...</section><!----><section> ...</section><!----><section> ... </section> <footer>...</footer>

Neither of these options is perfect, but they are helpful. I tend to favor using comments for better organization, but which option you choose is entirely up to you.

Creating Reusable Layouts

When building a website, it is always best to write modular styles that may be reused elsewhere, and reusable layouts are high on the list of reusable code. Layouts can be created using either floats or inline-block elements, but which works best and why?

Whether it’s better to use floats or inline-block elements to lay out the structure of a page is open to debate. My approach is to use inline-block elements to create the grid—or layout—of a page and to then use floats when I want content to wrap around a given element (as floats were intended to do with images). Generally, I also find inline-block elements easier to work with.

That said, use whatever works best for you. If you are comfortable with one approach over the other, then go for it.

Currently there are new CSS specifications in the works—specifically flex- and grid- based properties—that will help address how to best lay out pages. Keep an eye out for these methods as they begin to surface.

In Practice

With a solid understanding of reusable layouts, the time has come to implement one in our Styles Conference website.

  1. For the Styles Conference website, we’ll create a three-column reusable layout using inline-block elements. We’ll do so in a way that allows us to have three columns of equal width or two columns with the total width split between them, two-thirds in one and one-third in the other.

    To begin, we’ll create classes that define the width of these columns. The two classes we’ll create are col-1-3, for one-third, and col-2-3, for two-thirds. Within the grid section of our main.css file, let’s go ahead and define these classes and their corresponding widths.

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    .col-1-3 { width: 33.33%;}.col-2-3 { width: 66.66%;}
  2. We’ll want both of the columns to be displayed as inline-block elements. We’ll need to make sure that their vertical alignment is set to the top of each column, too.

    Let’s create two new selectors that will share the display and vertical-alignment property styles.

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    .col-1-3,.col-2-3 { display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;}

    Looking at the CSS again, we’ve created two class selectors, col-1-3 and col-2-3, that are separated with a comma. The comma at the end of the first selector signifies that another selector is to follow. The second selector is followed by the opening curly bracket, {, which signifies that style declarations are to follow. By comma-separating the selectors, we can bind the same styles to multiple selectors at one time.

  3. We’ll want to put some space in between each of the columns to help break up the content. We can accomplish this by putting horizontal padding on each of the columns.

    This works well; however, when two columns are sitting next to one another, the width of the space between them will be double that of the space from the outside columns to the edge of the row. To balance this we’ll place all of our columns within a grid and add the same padding from our columns to that grid.

    Let’s use a class name of grid to identify our grid, and then let’s identify the same horizontal padding for our grid, col-1-3, and col-2-3 classes. With commas separating our selectors again, our CSS looks like this:

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    .grid,.col-1-3,.col-2-3 { padding-left: 15px; padding-right: 15px;}
  4. When we’re setting up the horizontal padding, we’ll need to be careful. Remember, in the last lesson we created a container element, known by the class of container, to center all of our content on a page within a 960-pixel-wide element. Currently if we were to put an element with the class of grid inside an element with the class of container, their horizontal paddings would add to one another, and our columns would not appear proportionate to the width of the rest of the page.

    We don’t want this to happen, so instead, we’ll have to share some of the styles from the container rule set with the grid rule set. Specifically, we’ll need to share the width property and values (to make sure our page stays fixed at 960 pixels wide) and the margin property and values (to center any element with the class of grid on the page).

    We’ll accomplish this by breaking up the old container rule set into the following:

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    .container,.grid { margin: 0 auto; width: 960px;}.container { padding-left: 30px; padding-right: 30px;}

    Now any element with the class of container or grid will be 960 pixels wide and centered on the page. Additionally, we’ve preserved the existing horizontal padding for any element with the class of container by moving it into a new, separate rule set.

  5. All right—all of the heavy lifting needed to get our reusable grid styles into place is finished. Now it’s time to work in our HTML and to see how these classes perform.

    We’ll begin with the teasers on the home page, within our index.html file, aligning them into three columns. Currently, the teasers are wrapped in a <section> element with the class of container. We’ll want to change that class from container to grid so that we can begin placing columns within it.

    (Video) HTML & CSS Crash Course Tutorial #8 - CSS Layout & Position

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    <section class="grid"> ...</section>
  6. Next, we’ll want to add a class of col-1-3 to each of the <section> elements within the <section> element with the class of grid.

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    <section class="grid"> <section class="col-1-3"> ... </section> <section class="col-1-3"> ... </section> <section class="col-1-3"> ... </section></section>
  7. And lastly, because each of our columns is an inline-block element, we’ll want to make sure we remove the empty white space between them. We’ll use comments to do this, and we’ll add a little bit of documentation noting each upcoming section while we’re at it to better organize our code.

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    <section class="grid"> <!-- Speakers --> <section class="col-1-3"> ... </section><!-- Schedule --><section class="col-1-3"> ... </section><!-- Venue --><section class="col-1-3"> ... </section></section>

    To review, on line 3 we leave a comment identifying the “Speakers” section to follow. At the end of line 7, we open a comment immediately after the closing </section> tag. Within that comment, on line 9 we identify the “Schedule” section to come. We then close the comment at the beginning of line 11, just before the opening <section> tag. This same comment structure reappears on lines 13 through 17 between the two <section> elements, right before the “Venue” section. In all, we’ve commented out any potential white space between the columns while also using those comments to identify our sections.

We now have a reusable three-column grid that supports multiple arrangements, using both one-third- and two-thirds-width columns. Our home page now has three columns, breaking up all the different teasers.

Positioning Content - Learn to Code HTML & CSS (2)

Demo & Source Code

Below you may view the Styles Conference website in its current state, as well as download the source code for the website in its current state.

View the Styles Conference WebsiteorDownload the Source Code(Zip file)

Uniquely Positioning Elements

Every now and then we’ll want to precisely position an element, but floats or inline-block elements won’t do the trick. Floats, which remove an element from the flow of a page, often produce unwanted results as surrounding elements flow around the floated element. Inline-block elements, unless we’re creating columns, can be fairly awkward to get into the proper position. For these situations we can use the position property in connection with box offset properties.

The position property identifies how an element is positioned on a page and whether or not it will appear within the normal flow of a document. This is used in conjunction with the box offset properties—top, right, bottom, and left—which identify exactly where an element will be positioned by moving elements in a number of different directions.

By default every element has a position value of static, which means that it exists in the normal flow of a document and it doesn’t accept any box offset properties. The static value is most commonly overwritten with a relative or absolute value, which we’ll examine next.

Relative Positioning

The relative value for the position property allows elements to appear within the normal flow a page, leaving space for an element as intended while not allowing other elements to flow around it; however, it also allows an element’s display position to be modified with the box offset properties. For example, consider the following HTML and CSS:

HTML
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<div>...</div><div class="offset">...</div><div>...</div>
CSS
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div { height: 100px; width: 100px;}.offset { left: 20px; position: relative; top: 20px;}

Relative Positioning Demo

See the Pen Relative Positioning by Shay Howe (@shayhowe) on CodePen.

Here the second <div> element, the element with the class of offset, has a position value of relative and two box offset properties, left and top. This preserves the original position of the element, and other elements are not allowed to move into this space. Additionally, the box offset properties reposition the element, pushing it 20 pixels from the left and 20 pixels from the top of its original location.

With relatively positioned elements, it’s important to know that the box offset properties identify where an element will be moved from given its original position. Thus, the left property with a value of 20 pixels will actually push the element towards the right, from the left, 20 pixels. The top property with a value of 20 pixels, then, will push an element towards the bottom, from the top, 20 pixels.

When we position the element using the box offset properties, the element overlaps the element below it rather than moving that element down as the margin or padding properties would.

Absolute Positioning

The absolute value for the position property is different from the relative value in that an element with a position value of absolute will not appear within the normal flow of a document, and the original space and position of the absolutely positioned element will not be preserved.

Additionally, absolutely positioned elements are moved in relation to their closest relatively positioned parent element. Should a relatively positioned parent element not exist, the absolutely positioned element will be positioned in relation to the <body> element. That’s quite a bit of information; let’s take a look at how this works inside some code:

HTML
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<section> <div class="offset">...</div></section>
CSS
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section { position: relative;}div { position: absolute; right: 20px; top: 20px;}

Absolute Positioning Demo

See the Pen Absolute Positioning by Shay Howe (@shayhowe) on CodePen.

In this example the <section> element is relatively positioned but doesn’t include any box offset properties. Consequently its position doesn’t change. The <div> element with a class of offset includes a position value of absolute. Because the <section> element is the closest relatively positioned parent element to the <div> element, the <div> element will be positioned in relation to the <section> element.

With relatively positioned elements, the box offset properties identify in which direction an element would be moved in relation to itself. With absolutely positioned elements, the box offset properties identify in which direction an element will be moved in relation to its closest relatively positioned parent element.

As a result of the right and top box offset properties, the <div> element will appear 20 pixels from the right and 20 pixels from the top of the <section>.

Because the <div> element is absolutely positioned, it does not sit within the normal flow of the page and will overlap any surrounding elements. Additionally, the original position of the <div> is not preserved, and other elements are able to occupy that space.

Typically, most positioning can be handled without the use of the position property and box offset properties, but in certain cases they can be extremely helpful.

(Video) CSS Positioning Tutorial for Beginners

Summary

Learning how to position content within HTML and CSS is a huge step toward mastering the two languages. Add to this the box model, and we’re well on our way to becoming front-end developers.

To review, within this lesson we covered the following:

  • What floats are and how to use them to position content
  • How to clear and contain floated elements
  • How to position content with inline-block elements
  • How to remove the white space between inline-block elements
  • How to uniquely position content with relatively and absolutely positioned elements

We’re adding new skills with each lesson, so let’s keep going. Next up, typography!

Resources & Links

FAQs

What is positioning in HTML CSS? ›

The position CSS property sets how an element is positioned in a document. The top , right , bottom , and left properties determine the final location of positioned elements.

Is HTML and CSS enough? ›

So, is HTML and CSS enough to create a website? The short answer is yes, you can build a simple website with just HTML and CSS. However, if you want to start building some really cool websites, and have more flexibility in what you can do, you need to use JavaScript, a backend language, web hosting, and databases.

Is it hard to learn HTML and CSS? ›

Fortunately, the foundation of HTML and CSS are not that difficult. You can start getting comfortable with HTML in a matter of hours. Basic CSS is also not that difficult, however, CSS can get complicated when trying to build advanced layouts.

What are the four types of positioning? ›

There are four main types of positioning strategies: competitive positioning, product positioning, situational positioning, and perceptual positioning.

What are the four types of positioning in CSS? ›

There are five different position values:
  • static.
  • relative.
  • fixed.
  • absolute.
  • sticky.

Can you learn CSS in a day? ›

Learning CSS is not that hard you can learn CSS in 3 to 4 days, but obviously that depends on your dedication and your capability to learn a new thing. Moreover, in three to four days you would be only able to make it up to the basic property that should be used in CSS for an element.

Can I learn CSS by myself? ›

As a self-taught developer, this is my story of how I learned CSS. The title might be a bit bold but I wish I had known about the approach to learn CSS that is given in this article while I was starting out. I hope my experience will help you to pace up the learning process.

Is CSS a valuable skill? ›

CSS is a rule-based syntax in programming important to web development. Web developers who know CSS are in high demand for businesses. In fact, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, web development is a profession expected to grow much faster than the average occupation over the next decade.

How many hours does it take to learn HTML? ›

You can start picking up HTML in a matter of hours. It should take you one to two weeks to get the full gist of HTML, and about a month of practice to get comfortable with the language. The key is to apply your learning by working on projects.

Can I get a job just knowing HTML and CSS? ›

In short, you can definitely find work using just HTML and CSS. And if those foundational skills aren't enough to get you your dream job, you can still use them to start making money while you're building other skills.

How long does it take to learn HTML and CSS? ›

For an average learner with a good degree of discipline, it should take around seven to eight months to build up a working knowledge of CSS (and HTML—as they are almost inseparable). At the one-year mark, you'll have built up more confidence. A fun way to push yourself is to start a small creative project of your own.

What is the hardest programming language? ›

Haskell. The language is named after a mathematician and is usually described to be one of the hardest programming languages to learn. It is a completely functional language built on lambda calculus.

Is HTML harder than Python? ›

Html is much more easier than Python. If you want to go into web development then you should learn html anyway as it is the backbone of web development. Python is easy compare to other high level language like Java,Kotlin and C++.

Why is CSS so hard? ›

Some reasons why developers consider CSS as hard to learn are: Because of its high level of technicality, CSS isn't the easiest language to understand. CSS has been developed as a full-fledged programming environment for web applications, and web applications also require a user interface, making it more complex.

What is an example of positioning? ›

For example: A handbag maker may position itself as a luxury status symbol. A TV maker may position its TV as the most innovative and cutting-edge. A fast-food restaurant chain may position itself as the provider of cheap meals.

What positioning means? ›

Definition: Positioning defines where your product (item or service) stands in relation to others offering similar products and services in the marketplace as well as the mind of the consumer. Description: A good positioning makes a product unique and makes the users consider using it as a distinct benefit to them.

Why is positioning important? ›

In short, effective positioning ensures that marketing messages help you clearly stand out, resonate with target consumers and compel them to take action. If you're not standing out, you're not positioning.

How many positions are there in CSS? ›

There are five different types of position property available in CSS: Fixed.

How do you position an image in HTML? ›

HTML | <img> align Attribute. The <img> align attribute is used to set the alignment of an image. It is an inline element. It is used to specify the alignment of the image according to surrounding elements.

What are the 5 CSS selectors? ›

There are several different types of selectors in CSS.
  • CSS Element Selector.
  • CSS Id Selector.
  • CSS Class Selector.
  • CSS Universal Selector.
  • CSS Group Selector.

Is CSS very easy? ›

Since it is the ONLY style sheet language that browsers can understand, it's important to learn CSS in depth to master web development. It's very easy to get started with CSS. With just a few hours of training, you can easily style texts, elements and layouts.

Can I skip learning CSS? ›

CSS is not so essential that you must know it first, but you will definitely want to complete it eventually if you plan on doing anything related to Web page design. You can skip CSS and start with Javascript.

Can I learn HTML and CSS in 2 weeks? ›

To answer this, YES, you can learn HTML in 2 weeks.

Can I learn HTML and CSS in 2 months? ›

It takes one month to learn HTML and CSS, with four hours of instruction per day. It may take 1-2 weeks to finish the course and about a month to become comfortable with HTML and CSS. The key is to put your knowledge to use and create projects. Your website is the most straightforward project you can undertake.

Which course is best for CSS? ›

10 Top HTML and CSS Courses
  • Real World Coding in HTML & CSS. ...
  • Learn HTML. ...
  • Programming Foundations with JavaScript, HTML and CSS. ...
  • Intro to HTML and CSS. Udacity. ...
  • Advance Your Skills in HTML. LinkedIn Learning. ...
  • HTML & CSS Crash Course. Scrimba. ...
  • Hand-Code Your First Website: HTML + CSS Basics. SkillShare. ...
  • Getting started with the Web.
May 10, 2022

What is the hardest thing in CSS? ›

The hardest thing about using CSS is getting all of the files involved synchronized with each other. There are two ingredients: a web page that refers to the CSS page, and the CSS page that gives the formatting.

Is CSS harder than C++? ›

CSS is not necessarily more difficult that C++. In fact, CSS is totally different from what C++ does. CSS is a style sheet language for documents written using markup language (like HTML).

Can you make money with CSS? ›

If you have good knowledge and strong HTML & CSS skills, you can also earn money by uploading HTML & CSS-related videos on YouTube. YouTube is a great place to start making programming videos. On YouTube, you may post instructions, advice, and tricks for building simple projects and websites using simply HTML and CSS.

What is Page positioning? ›

Web positioning is a service which companies offer to their customers in order to highlight and make their website visible in a natural way, which is called SEO, with the aim of capturing potential traffic and turning said captured traffic into a customer.

How many types of positioning are there in CSS? ›

There are five different types of position property available in CSS: Fixed.

What is position in Web design? ›

Positioning allows you to take elements out of normal document flow and make them behave differently, for example, by sitting on top of one another or by always remaining in the same place inside the browser viewport.

How do you position things in HTML? ›

You can use two values top and left along with the position property to move an HTML element anywhere in the HTML document.
  1. Move Left - Use a negative value for left.
  2. Move Right - Use a positive value for left.
  3. Move Up - Use a negative value for top.
  4. Move Down - Use a positive value for top.

What is positioning used for? ›

Definition: Positioning defines where your product (item or service) stands in relation to others offering similar products and services in the marketplace as well as the mind of the consumer. Description: A good positioning makes a product unique and makes the users consider using it as a distinct benefit to them.

What is the most important position on a website? ›

The home page is, of course, the most important as it is the most visited page in your website design. Each page leads your reader around the screen to key areas of importance via a combination of visual and textual elements that convey the right messages.

How can I improve my page position? ›

29 Ways to Improve my Search Position
  1. Work on your SEO game.
  2. Write great content.
  3. Make sure your content is snippet optimized.
  4. Answer frequently asked questions on your key pages.
  5. Create long-form content.
  6. Make your page easy to read.
  7. Work on improving your EAT.
  8. Pay attention to on-page SEO.
Aug 3, 2020

Why CSS positioning is important? ›

The CSS position property is used to specify where an element is displayed on the page. When paired with the the top, right, bottom, and left CSS properties, the position property determines the final location of the element.

How do you create a new positioning context in CSS? ›

Positioning Contexts

But the positioning context of an absolutely positioned element can be changed. This is done by adding “position: relative” to an ancestor element, thus creating a new positioning context.

What are the 3 parts of the CSS? ›

The CSS syntax consists of a set of rules. These rules have 3 parts: a selector, a property, and a value. You don't need to remember this in order to code CSS. Once you start coding CSS, you'll do so without thinking "this is a selector" or "that is a property".

What is position example? ›

Position is how a person or thing is placed or an opinion or where a person or thing is located in relation to others. An example of position is sitting. An example of position is to be against the death penalty. An example of position is a cup between two other cups on a table. noun.

What are the 3 types of Web Design? ›

Web designing is of three kinds, to be specific static, dynamic or CMS and eCommerce.

What skills do you need for Web Design? ›

To achieve this, there are skills needed, and web designers should work to be proficient in them.
  • Visual design. Visual design focus on digital products that determine how a website looks and feels. ...
  • Using Design software. ...
  • HTML. ...
  • CSS. ...
  • JavaScript. ...
  • Time management skills. ...
  • Communication skills. ...
  • Problem-solving skills.
Dec 14, 2020

How do I arrange text in an HTML position? ›

We can change the alignment of the text using the text-align property. We can align the text in the center, Left, Right. The text alignment can be done with CSS(Cascading Style Sheets) and HTML Attribute tag. Note: The left alignment of the text is default.

How do I arrange image position in HTML? ›

The <img> align attribute is used to set the alignment of an image. It is an inline element. It is used to specify the alignment of the image according to surrounding elements.

How do I change the position of an image in HTML CSS? ›

You can easily position an image by using the object-position property.
...
Property Value:
  1. left: Place an element on its container's right.
  2. right: Place an element on its container's left.
  3. inherit: Element inherits floating property from it's parent (div, table etc…) elements.
  4. none: Element is displayed as it is (Default).
Jul 13, 2021

Videos

1. Learn CSS position in 5 minutes 🎯
(Bro Code)
2. HTML & CSS Full Course - Beginner to Pro (2022)
(SuperSimpleDev)
3. EASY! Hand-code an HTML + CSS layout
(LearnCode.academy)
4. How to use CSS position to layout a website
(Coder Coder)
5. Positioning and Moving Elements on a Page (Intro to HTML/CSS/JavaScript)
(Mr. Soderquist)
6. CSS Beginner - How To Align the Content of a Div to the Bottom (EASY)
(garnatti one)
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